Lay Vs Lie Quiz

Baby car seats are, as the name suggests, specifically suitable for newborns and younger babies. The room is dark so your technician can better see the video monitor. When you're done, you have a wonderful idea of where your natural abilities lie. Practice lie and lay in this interactive javascript quiz. South Australia—while liver fluke do occur in South Australia, sheep are no longer run in these areas. which depends upon whether the following clause is restrictive or non-restrictive. ICAL TEFL on December 07, 2014 2:09 pm. Different Blood Pressure Level – Lying down v/s Standing and Lying down v/s Sitting Published on May 5, 2017 May 5, 2017 • 24 Likes • 4 Comments. Much Many is used when referring to a large but definite number. An electrocardiogram can be a useful way to find out whether your high blood pressure has caused any damage to your heart or blood vessels. lay verb conjugation to all tenses, modes and persons. Either and Neither Everyday vs Every day Farther vs Further Fewer vs Less Good vs Well Hers vs Her's I vs Me I before E If I would have Its vs It's Lay vs Lie Loose vs Lose Me vs Myself s Ours. For example: He lay in bed (=under covers). Sometimes called cavaliers, white knights, or holy warriors, these paladins meet the ideal of the knight in shining armor, acting with honor in pursuit of justice and the greater good. la verb conjugator. Lay and lie both have a variety of meanings. An electrocardiogram can be a useful way to find out whether your high blood pressure has caused any damage to your heart or blood vessels. You can be scheduled for one of the following:. and unfortunately for Amanda, it is badly. This test may show evidence of blockages in the heart arteries when the heart is stressed. Next thing I knew it was 8 a. The reason it’s so hard to identify whether you’re in a toxic relationship is because they rarely start out toxic. Instant results; no. One of the things that I learned was the difference between a fluke and a flounder. BP level – Lying down vs. The usages of may and might are similar. ** LIE - Lie has two meanings. Grammar-quizzes. We all do it, so there is no reason to deny it. Although they have very similar meanings, they are used in different ways, and you need to be. Moreover, they also vary from one. This means that the test finds a mass or other change, but it turns out not to be cancer. It's relatively easy to get this fixed, as most clubs can be bent afterwards. Lay vs Lie The English verbs lay and lie are commonly confused by even native English speakers. The past tense of lie is lay, but not because there is any overlap between the two verbs. Bear/bare, here/hear, and write/right are other examples. Synonyms: rest and sit; His dirty shirt was lying on the floor and old socks were everywhere. Then, (lie, lay) a piece of parchment paper on a baking pan. Definition of LAY WITNESS: the term that applies to a witness who gives testimony as to an opinion but is not an expert. Lie in the arms of those you love. The noble lie is to serve as charter myth for Plato's good city: a myth of national or civic identity - or rather, two related myths, one grounding that identity in the natural brotherhood of the entire indigenous population (they are all autochthonous, literally born from the earth), the other making the city's differentiated class structure a. Set Multiple Choice Quiz. Kahoot! is a free game-based learning platform that makes it fun to learn – any subject, in any language, on any device, for all ages!. ICAL TEFL on December 07, 2014 2:09 pm. ” For example, I lay down the. Follow India vs Sri Lanka, 3rd Test, Dec 02, Sri Lanka tour of India, 2017 with live Cricket score, ball by ball commentary updates on Cricbuzz. It symobilizes a website link url. The most common relationship between fetus and mother is the longitudinal lie, cephalic presentation. Like set and lay they will have an object. Lie and lay both have many definitions, but they're most often confused where lie means to recline and lay means to put down. Lay and lie are both present-tense verbs, but they don't mean quite the same thing. The verb to lie means to rest or recline and is conjugated lie, lay, have/has lain (that's right—lain), lying. A breast MRI may also lead to a false-positive result. Except that Santana’s story was a lie. The swollen breasts in men will not disappear if you stop taking the drug. Here's the polygraph test Christine Blasey Ford took on her allegations against Kavanaugh. After this initial test, the researchers invited the participants to a second study with a raffle prize of $100. biz does not certify the quizzes to be reliable, contact Tintin6 !. In effect, the putter is trying to get to a more upright position by falling back towards the line straight down below your shoulder sockets. " For example, I lay down the. Follow India vs Sri Lanka, 3rd Test, Dec 02, Sri Lanka tour of India, 2017 with live Cricket score, ball by ball commentary updates on Cricbuzz. The key difference is that lay is transitive and requires an object to act upon, and lie is intransitive, describing something moving on its own or already in position. " This perplexing pair can make an appearance on 700+ GMAT Sentence Correction questions. In Worksheet 2, students must circle the correct form of the verb (lie, lay) and rewrite the sentence using the correct form in the correct tense. The only way to find out if you are pregnant is with a pregnancy test. Lay or lie ? - English Grammar Today - uma referência à Gramática e uso do Inglês escrito e falado - Cambridge Dictionary. As you can see, the past tense of lie is lay, but the past tense of lay is laid, which is a recipe for confusion!To remember that laid (as opposed to lain) is the past tense of lay, just memorize this phrase:. Learn about Purdue University's College of Liberal Arts, a college focused on strengthening the Undergraduate Experience, enhancing Graduate Education, and promoting Faculty Excellence. Home / Grammar / Adjectives and Adverbs / Good vs. That Since vs. The normal distribution, or bell curve, is most familiar and useful toteachers in describing the frequency of standardized test scores, how manystudents earned particular scores. when you give an incorrect response to a question on a test, that is not a lie, because your intention is not to cover. The disks have wires that hook to an electrocardiograph machine. Grammar Rules Review This is a quick, basic grammar review for nouns, verbs, and the sometimes confusing usage of lay versus lie, and rise versus raise. Corriere JN Jr. lie fallow phrase. 1) I usually lie on the stomach to sleep. Are How do you know when to use "is" or "are"? When deciding which of the verbs "is" and "are" to use look at whether the subject The subject tells who or what about the verb. In these pairs, the transitive verb is regular, with -ed as its past and participial forms. Learn more about the examination and what the results mean. Some of the rules of English grammar. and unfortunately for Amanda, it is badly. The figure below shows an example of this test. Right occiput anterior (ROA) 21. Generation of auroral kilometric radiation and the structure of auroral acceleration region. The key difference is that lay is transitive and requires an object to act upon, and lie is intransitive, describing something moving on its own or already in position. The Inverted Row. Editor's Corner: Lay vs. You've had more than one test that used gadolinium. An ambulatory EEG test is designed to record the activity in your brain over a few hours, days or weeks. The main difference between lay and lie is that while Lay means to put a person or an object down in a flat position. What is a cardiac stress test using medicine? Medicine will be used to stress your heart instead of exercise. Ultimately, all of these gifts have been provided to equip us to glorify God. Learn the symptoms, causes and treatment. For Example. LAY-to lay an object down. Below is a quick review chart. I'll be honest. But if this test gives a "you have cancer" result in 1 percent of the cases, the doctor would tell 80 of those 8,000 people they're sick -- even though statistically, only one of them actually is. Do you lay down a book or lie it down?. In the past tense it is lay ahead. Get a list of all the new and old songs with lyrics of every little lie is why you owe me directly from our search engine and listen them online. New moms are not allowed to shower, eat raw vegetables or drink cold water. Borrow vs Lend. If you are taking this quiz as part of course work, your instructor might ask for you to type your name in the text-area below before printing the page. I laid this carpet before some time. Until recently, I (lie lay) in the sun almost every day during the summer. I'm not lying when I say that you can now lay your fears of not knowing the difference to rest. This quiz won't lie to you. Instructions: Insert the typically correct verb (affect) or noun (effect) into the sentence below This delay at the train station will _____ the passenger scheduling for the whole day. An angiogram is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to take pictures of your blood vessels. Weather - the atmospheric conditions in area, with regard to sun, cloud, temperature, wind and rain Whether. "That" is used to indicate a specific object, item, person, condition, etc. They (laid/lay) hidden in the bushes. None of the above sentences are correct! Let’s look at the examples below:. Lie: I had lain there for some time before getting up. I am going to (lay/lie) down on the couch. Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, Algebra II, Geometry: homework help by free math tutors, solvers, lessons. Well Quiz 1. • Cheri lies on the couch. Even if you examine the back ends of your ewes and feel bags daily, some ewes, both rookie mothers and old-timers, can drop a lamb with no warning signs. So when you say, “I lay down for a nap,” you’re actually using the verb lie, not lay, despite the way it sounds. A renin test can shed light on what’s happening in your body. Unless If vs. LIE-to lie down (a person or animal. " Now the iPad and the other technical gadgets lie lonesome on the table while you lie on the couch, and lay your hand on the remote control in case the show gets too scary and you need to pause it. There are similarities between raise/rise and lay/lie. : lay lie I have lain down Lay vs. A key to understanding the stack is the notion that when a function exits, all of its variables are popped off of the stack (and hence lost forever). This is a free intermediate English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. This quiz is no longer functioning. This page contains a variety of information and resources for teachers of grades 4-8 to use in the classroom and help students make healthier lifestyle choices. In order to gauge your knowledge of the difference between lay and lie, be sure to work through the quiz and worksheet. Commonly Confused Words > adverse vs. Farther refers to distance, while further usually means to a greater degree, or more. The number of people who can. LAY-to lay an object down. The Crucible takes place in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. Much Many is used when referring to a large but definite number. Try your skill with these example sentences. What is a cardiac stress test using medicine? Medicine will be used to stress your heart instead of exercise. Because lay is the past tense of lie. Past Participle: Lay: She had laid the blanket down before she left. Grammar Rules Review This is a quick, basic grammar review for nouns, verbs, and the sometimes confusing usage of lay versus lie, and rise versus raise. Also get detailed analysis and live Football score. Only one in five people infected with Zika virus will experience symptoms and signs, such as fever, conjunctivitis, rash, and body aches. Lie Detectors can tell you wether you are lying or not. Have a Quizizz game code? Join a game here. The secret to the best sleep of your life is to hang your hammock the right way & lie flat at an angle across it - find out how in this incredibly eye-opening guide. Beyond the present tense, the pair can become more confusing because lay is the past tense of lie, and laid is the past tense of lay. None of the above sentences are correct! Let’s look at the examples below:. Raise and lay are transitive verbs: Both require an object to complete the action. The Purple Mattress What Is the Purple Made Of? The updated Purple features a slightly different construction than the original. Plus, ask for a blindfold or if you can turn your head to the side, lie on your. There is no evolution (it is a big fat lie). Lie (is) lying lay have lain Lay and its principle parts mean to place or put something. The lawyers (lay laid) the contracts aside for the time being. The noble lie is to serve as charter myth for Plato's good city: a myth of national or civic identity - or rather, two related myths, one grounding that identity in the natural brotherhood of the entire indigenous population (they are all autochthonous, literally born from the earth), the other making the city's differentiated class structure a. The dog has lain on the couch many times. The past tense of lie is lay, but the past tense. Longitudinal lie. Even if it does, or if water comes up under the planks, they can be pulled right up, only in the spots where needed, the floor can be dried out, and then the same planks will just. The ratings on this page are based solely on the lyrics of the songs we have rated, not the music. Our website makes a great companion to language arts classes, homeschooling, and ESL courses. To make cookies, first you should preheat the oven. Tips : If this page always shows the same questions, make sure you correct the question first by pressing the "check answer" button. Since Donald Trump had hired prostitutes to urinate on a bed when he discovered the Obamas had slept in it he seemed like the perfect man to defecate on the Constitution for them as well. On the other hand, lie means to remain or to move oneself in a resting or reclining position on a surface, i. What to Expect During an Echocardiogram. Children lie from the age of two, so here’s how to get them to tell the truth Lara Warmelink for the Conversation, part of the Guardian Comment Network. which depends upon whether the following clause is restrictive or non-restrictive. Lie home Back. Adverse usually describes bad feelings about things, not people; whereas, averse refers to bad feelings against things or people. Lie also means to be in or to move into a horizontal. But it gets messier, because the past tense of lay is laid, and the past tense of lie is, well, lay. We are dedicated to creating and providing free, high-quality English language learning resources. Definition of lie beyond in the Idioms Dictionary. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing somewhat evaluation on this. When you use the phrase "lie ahead" or "lay ahead" you are using the present and past tense, respectively, of the intransitive verb "lie. One of the things that I learned was the difference between a fluke and a flounder. Lay Quiz 2 from The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation. 6ix9ine and Nicki Minaj tried to keep the release of ‘FEFE’ and their collaboration very ‘hush hush’ in the leadup to it being dropped, though DJ Akademiks leaked and then deleted his. Lie (is) lying lay have lain Lay and its principle parts mean to place or put something. In the present tense it is lie ahead. The conjugation of these verbs is so confusing that native English speakers (myself included) regularly make mistakes with their use!. A key to understanding the stack is the notion that when a function exits, all of its variables are popped off of the stack (and hence lost forever). Of course, most of us don't have it that easy but could sure benefit if we did. 1) Lie down on your back with your. Learn the difference between LAY and LIE. Addie Bundren - The wife of Anse Bundren and mother to Cash, Darl, Jewel, Dewey Dell, and Vardaman. Some of the rules of English grammar. Yesterday, I lay on the beach. Instant results; no. I was sent to hospital because I also had protein in my urine and I'm 36 weeks pregnant. What is the difference between may and might?? - Mahari, Sweden. This shared form accounts for much of the confusion with these two verbs. God said to Eve, “Yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you” (Gen. You can take this quiz and then check your answers right away. Longitudinal lie. Lie detector test. A stylized letter. breech presentation presentation of the fetal buttocks, knees, or feet in labor; the feet may be alongside the buttocks (complete breech presentation); the legs may be extended. Also as a verb, immigrate is a verb that means to come to a new country as a foreigner. Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. The present tense of the words lay and lie seemingly overlap and insert themselves into our written and verbal communication like uninvited wild dogs, teasing our language skills and flubbing even the most conscientious grammar freak. In the opinion of the polygraph examiner, Daniels was truthful about having unprotected sex with Donald Trump in July 2006. Accept vs Except Addition vs Edition Affect vs Effect Amused vs Bemused Apostrophe s Assure Ensure Insure Bi- vs Semi-Borrow, Lend, Loan e. Ginger Software is an award-winning productivity-focused company that helps you write faster and better, thanks to grammar checker, punctuation, and spell checker tools which automatically detect and correct misused words and grammar mistakes. Commonly Confused Words > adverse vs. He was determined to discover what lay beyond the forests to the east. What’s one to do?. Because of this, many people don’t know they have it and may have trouble figuring out how or when they got it. Do you lay down a book or lie it down?. The Political Compass. The confusion between good and well comes from their similar meanings, and a general confusion between adjectives and adverbs. NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) Crooker, N. Sit means to rest on one's buttocks. Please use it for reference purposes only. The verb used above is not "to lay", it's the past tense of "to lie". Persecute means to oppress or harass, especially because of race, religion, sex, or sexual orientation. Good and Well. teacherdiane. Learn/Teach Quiz Special Instructions: After answering *all* the questions, press the 'submit' button, and your answers will be automatically checked in seconds. " "Lay" means "put something down in a flat position" and is transitive, which means it takes a direct object. See also position and lie. The words lay and lie are commonly very problematic for both non-native and native English speakers. Let me say, right off the bat, that in casual use, all of the sentences here are fine. Lay or lie ? — English Grammar Today — ein Nachschlagewerk für geschriebene und gesprochene englische Grammatik und Sprachgebrauch — Cambridge Dictionary. (Laid was originally layed. Even though the described circumstance involves the present tense usage of lie—as in "to lie down"—once the present becomes the past, lie turns into lay. While both mattresses utilize Purple’s signature Hyper-Elastic Polymer, the new version also has a SoftFlex cover design and introduces polyfoam around the comfort layer to enhance the mattress’s edge support. Find descriptive alternatives for lay. We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Using Lay and Lie Correctly. When you think a statement is right when it is wrong, that is not a lie. Lie Quiz 1. Well Have Been to vs. They have (lay laid) their weapons on the ground and raised their hands in surrender. Although one or the other is more likely to be used in some contexts, neither choice will be wrong. In this quiz, provide the either lie or lay, in the proper tense. LIE, a PowerPoint Lesson great for all Middle and High Schoolers. Connie was alarmed at the _____ of violence in her neighborhood. A myelogram can detect conditions affecting the spinal cord and nerves within the spinal canal, including disc herniations, bone spurs, spinal stenosis, tumors, and infection. The Political Compass. Home / Grammar / Adjectives and Adverbs / Good vs. A new drug called eplerenone may give the same benefits without. To be or place oneself at rest in a flat, horizontal, or recumbent position; recline: He lay under a tree to sleep. A third example is "lay" vs "lie", as in: "The boots now lie where the body lay" (this one comes from a National Geographic article on the Titanic & Ballard). Lay, Answers and Tips 2 Because Alvin forgot his wristwatch, he (lie, lay) laid his cell phone next to his notebook during the test to. Henry was very young when he became king. I laid this carpet before some time. Of course, most of us don't have it that easy but could sure benefit if we did. Test yourself on the differences between LAY and LIE. I have lied under oath. (Before we get started, you might want to take Grammar Girl’s six-question Lay vs. Some of the rules for using a comma. Упражнение 6 на глаголы Lay и Lie. Lie Download Free PDF Worksheet. He (wake) up and (look) at his watch. teacherdiane. We have laid the dishes on the table. In Worksheet 1, students circle the correct answer. Join Betfair & bet with the best odds! More Ways To Bet More Ways To Win New Customers: Bet £20 on the Exchange and if it loses, we will refund you £20. Use this quiz to test your knowledge of when to use "lie" and when to use "lay. He or she has been hacking their YouTube videos, playing challenges against them, sending them on adventures to abandoned places, and taking their car. You can take this quiz and then check your answers right away. State Laws on Polygraphs and Lie Detector Tests By Lisa Guerin , J. " Present (imperative) of "lay" and past of "lie. God left us the Bible as a written testimony of His Word. Past Participle. The test is something she has done, and to do is an action verb. South Australia—while liver fluke do occur in South Australia, sheep are no longer run in these areas. In a sentence, it's used as the object. We are dedicated to creating and providing free, high-quality English language learning resources. As those of us who are parents know, each child is different. I am going to (lay/lie) down on the couch. Check past tense of lay here. There are several words in the English language that sound the same when spoken but actually have different spellings and meanings. Patients will need to remove any metal-containing material before the test, as they will be entering a machine with a magnetic field. Each section has solvers (calculators), lessons, and a place where you can submit your problem to our free math tutors. Home pregnancy test kits are available without a prescription at pharmacies and most grocery stores. Last night I (laid/lay) awake in bed, thinking about my life. Much Many is used when referring to a large but definite number. Lay usage; Present Past Past Participle; lie, lying (to tell a falsehood) I lied to my mother. Let me say, right off the bat, that in casual use, all of the sentences here are fine. There is very little distinction made between the two. They usually start out like most relationships, full of excitement and happiness and that warm fuzzy feeling that takes hold when you start dating someone who you share strong chemistry with. prosecute The main definitions of prosecute are (1) to initiate legal proceedings against , (2) to carry on or engage in , and (3) to pursue an undertaking to completion. Though at first it may seem that the title of Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying is incorrect (what could be more intransitive than someone lying there dying?), the entry points out that here “lay. Lie Quiz We have written previously about the difference between lay and lie (most recently in this post ), but it continues to be a popular question. The test subject is likely to be asked to lie in order to elicit a physiological response as a part of the control questions. Will you stop _____ around and help me wash the dishes? A) lay down C) lie B) lying D) lay. It is carefully moved into the beginning of the large intestine. Remember, the general rule is that the verb to lay takes an object, but to lie does not. In order to gauge your knowledge of the difference between lay and lie, be sure to work through the quiz and worksheet. " This perplexing pair can make an appearance on 700+ GMAT Sentence Correction questions. Lay means to place something down; in other words, it's something you do to something else (as in to lay the blanket on the couch). The standard rule of grammar is that the usage of that vs. Using Lay and Lie Correctly. 1) Lie on your back with your knees bent. If you are studying English grammar you may want to memorize the common irregular past and past participles listed here. Good and Well. Are How do you know when to use "is" or "are"? When deciding which of the verbs "is" and "are" to use look at whether the subject The subject tells who or what about the verb. Points and lines are two of the most fundamental concepts in Geometry, but they are also the most difficult to define. I once heard the following logic used to differentiate lie and lay. The police officer told him to (lay/lie) down his gun. Lay Quiz 2 from The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation. If something lies somewhere, it is there and it is not moving. All players with losing hands should (lie lay) all of the cards on the table. Zika Virus is transmitted via the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. 1) Lie on your back with your knees bent. They (laid/lay) hidden in the bushes. Children lie from the age of two, so here’s how to get them to tell the truth Lara Warmelink for the Conversation, part of the Guardian Comment Network. A young prodigy who shot through the ranks, Aiden Markram was a flamboyant stroke-maker from an early age and rose to fame after he had a dream run as captain of South Africa and led them to the U. Includes a mini-chart for reference. Bible Verses About Man Shall Not Lay With Man Leviticus 20:13 - If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an. One great clash between a pope and a king took place between Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV of the Holy Roman Empire. Do you lay down a book or lie it down?. Home / Grammar / Adjectives and Adverbs / Good vs. These blanks will require the appropriate forms of lay or lie. So although lay and lie are two different verbs, lie in the past tense looks like lay. "Lie" conjugates lie-lay-lain. An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) keeps track of your heartbeat during your test. The past participle is also lied. There should be at least two correct ways to express each. Right occiput anterior (ROA) 21. Conquer confusion once and for all with LAY Vs. (Laid was originally layed. Practice lie and lay in this interactive javascript quiz. A third example is "lay" vs "lie", as in: "The boots now lie where the body lay" (this one comes from a National Geographic article on the Titanic & Ballard). Many people confuse your/you're, farther/further, lie/lay, and lay/laid. Keep reading to find the best pregnancy test for you. Learn more about the examination and what the results mean. My bp sitting up at the drs was 157/99. Pilot program for improvement and development of State medical interpreting services (a) Grants authorized The Secretary shall award one grant in accordance with this section to each of three States to assist each such State in designing, implementing, and evaluating a statewide program to provide onsite interpreter services under Medicaid. Perhaps the easiest way to remember the difference, Antonio, is that lay is a transitive verb which needs an object to complete its meaning and lie is an. And Lay, who donated $100,000 to the Bush inaugural, remains mired in a controversy about whether a curious phone conversation he had with Federal Energy Regulatory Commission head Curtis Hebert last May had anything to do with Hebert's replacement by Bush last summer with the head of the Texas Public Utility Commission. This was the first clue to the nature of viruses, genetic entities that lie somewhere in the grey area between living and non-living states. Here are 32 team building games to choose from, and none of them involve trust falls (whew): 1. Have a Quizizz game code? Join a game here. lie verb conjugation to all tenses, modes and persons. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: